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The Wroclaw Story and Factfile

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Wroclaw – the capital of Lower Silesia - is one of the oldest cities of Poland. Its turbulent history is embedded in the city walls and buildings. Thus, the city abounds in historic sights erected in various epochs and in different architectural styles.
 
The cradle of Wroclaw is Cathedral Island (Ostrow Tumski) where the first settlements were built between the 7th and 9th centuries. However, the first written record goes back as far as the year 1000 when at Gniezno during the meeting of Boleslaus the Brave, Duke (later King) of Poland, with Otto III , Holy Roman Emperor, the Wroclaw bishopric was established. The centuries to follow were really dramatic. In the 14th century Wroclaw became part of the Kingdom of Bohemia. Two centuries later it was in the hands of the Habsburgs and finally Wroclaw was incorporated into Prussia. The city also remembers the Napoleonic times when the city’s fortifications were demolished by the Napoleon’s Army. During World War II Wroclaw became ‘’Festung Breslau’’, i.e. a Nazi stronghold. When the war was over, the Germans who used to live in Wroclaw had to leave the city and it was then that the displaced Poles from Lviv and Vilnius moved into Wroclaw. Though seriously damaged (in approximately 70 %), almost levelled, during  World War II the city was later painstakingly reconstructed to become one of the most beautiful cities of Poland. With its picturesque Market Square rich in historical sights, open-air restaurants, cobbled pavements, horse-drawn carriages and multicoloured facades of medieval buildings, Wroclaw attracts thousands of tourists every year.
 
Apart from being charmingly historic, Wroclaw is also a well-known cultural centre offering world-famous artistic events like music concerts, festivals, theatrical performances, international exhibitions, etc. Thus, you will never feel bored here!
 
With its wide array of pubs, cafes, restaurants serving traditional Polish as well as international cuisine, historic sights, cultural events, business and educational opportunities, Wroclaw has everything that tourists, investors, students might feel a craving for. Just come and see for yourself!
 

Wroclaw Factfile
Municipal Government Rada Miasta Wroclaw
City's official website www.wroclaw.pl
Mayor Rafal Dutkiewicz
 
Area 293 sqm
Latitude 17,02' E
Longitude 51,07' N
 
Population in thousands (2003) 637,5
Density (per 1 square kilometre) 2177
Area code (+48) 71
 
Administrative districts:
Fabryczna, Krzyki, Psie Pole, Stare Miasto, Srodmiescie.
 

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Map of Wroclaw

Map of Wroclaw

Wroclaw Map | Map of Wroclaw Poland

Plan your trip with our interactive Wroclaw Map section. Major routes through and around Wroclaw city.

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